Applicable Head Unit Models
This page applies to Legacy/Liberty and Outback models with the following factory non-navigation head units:
PE205K6, PE315R6, PE415L6, PE605U6, PE645U1
There may be others. Model number is printed on the front of the HU, usually in the lower-right corner.
Power/Speaker Wiring Harness
All of the above models use Subaru's 20-pin harness for the power and speaker connections to the head unit (radio). You will need my 20-pin "forward" harness with SWC wires ($12, link).
Important: If your steering wheel includes the phone/Bluetooth buttons, be sure you tell me that (along with your OEM HU model number). Those buttons are wired to pin #11 on the 20-pin harness (unlike most other Subaru models, where the BT buttons connect to pin #13).
You'll need to solder or crimp my harness to your new HU's power/speaker harness, creating an adapter that is mostly "plug-and-play." See my Subaru 20-pin HU installation guide.
The models covered on this 'parts needed' page do not have the Vehicle Speed Signal (VSS) on the 20-pin harness (or any of the other factory radio harnesses). If your new HU needs that signal, see my installation guide for where to find the factory wire to tap.
If your Subaru is one of the above models with no audio steering wheel controls (SWCs), your car is actually pre-wired for the SWCs. It's not too difficult to add the OEM SWC pod in place of the blank panel on your existing wheel. See this post (especially the first thread I link to there). So if you decide down the road to do that mod, keep me in mind for the interface module.
Speaker Signals in Cars With harman/kardon System
Some Legacy/Outback models covered on this 'parts needed' page have a separate OEM harman/kardon amplifier and speaker system. You can tell by the "harman/kardon" emblems on all of your car's speakers. The amp is located under one of the front seats, and drives all of your main speakers and subwoofer.
It had been widely thought that the OEM HUs in these cars sent line-level (low level, un-amplified) signals to the h/k amp. However, people have found that the HUs actually are still outputting high-level (amplified) signals — the HU could be connected directly to speakers.
On the the 2009 Legacy/Outback HU models P-206UHB and P-206UNB with the h/k amp, the manufacturer's label shows that the output impedance is 10,000 ohms (instead of the typical 4 or 8 ohms). I suspect that the OEM HUs in other car models with the h/k system have the same characteristic.
While some people have connected their aftermarket HU's amplified speaker outputs to the h/k amp without any problems, others have reported excessive "hiss" and volume levels that were too high. So I'm now recommending that people connect a HU's line level (low level, un-amplified) outputs to the h/k amp.
I offer a 20-pin harness with male RCA plugs instead of plain speaker wires (similar to Metra 70-7553, except with the added SWC wires). Picture. Price is $14.
On the other hand, if you would prefer to bypass the OEM h/k amp, I can supply "forward" harnesses to connect to the factory speaker harnesses that are currently plugged into the h/k amp. E-mail me for more information.
Steering Wheel Interface Module
If your car has audio SWC buttons (or you add them), the SWC wires on my harness are only part of the solution — that saves you from needing to splice into factory wires. However, most aftermarket HUs also require a steering wheel interface module — either the Axxess ASWC (by Metra), one of the various SWI-* models from PAC Audio (SWI-PS, SWI-JACK, etc.— different models depending on your new HU's brand), iDatalink Maestro, etc. More people prefer the ASWC.
Many Subaru owners have installed ASWCs and given rave reviews. In most cases, it programs itself and is ready to go a few seconds after the first power up. You can also manually program it if you want to reassign any buttons. Installation is much easier than the PAC modules.
I have the ASWCs available. See this page: Axxess ASWC-1.
To install, you will need to solder (recommended) or crimp some of the interface module's wires to my 20-pin harness and your new HU's harness. I can't pre-wire the harnesses for you, since you will need to combine with your new HU's harness.
Retain Factory Aux Jack
If your factory HU has a button labeled "AUX" on the front, it will have a 24-pin socket on the rear for its stereo aux input. A factory harness connects from the back of the HU to the back of the 3.5mm aux jack in the armrest center console. That harness has proprietary plugs at both ends. The harness only handles the aux socket — not USB (if your car also has one). See more information about USB below.
I make an aux adapter harness you can use to retain use of your factory aux jack with an aftermarket HU. See this page: Subaru 24-pin aux harness. The white 24-pin connector on my aux adapter fits the end of the factory aux harness that is (or was) plugged into the back of your factory-installed HU. My aux harness retains the stereo aux jack only, not the USB socket (if your car also has one). See more information about USB below.
Also see next section for an additional signal your car might have on the 24-pin aux harness that you may want.
harman/kardon Amp Trigger on Aux Harness
In Legacy/Liberty/Outback models covered on this 'parts needed' page with the harman/kardon amplifier and speaker system, the h/k amp remote trigger signal is pin #23 on the 24-pin aux harness. If you are retaining the factory h/k amp, you must supply +12V to this pin for the OEM amp to work.
I can add the h/k trigger wire to my aux harness for an additional $1. Or I can supply a harness with just that one wire (no aux) for $10.
Cars Without Factory Aux Jack
If your car is a base model with a blank panel instead of the factory aux jack, you can add this after-market panel mount aux jack:
Price for the "IS335" cable kit is $15. You'll need to drill a hole in the blank panel in your armrest console. In this case, you won't need my aux adapter harness (since your car lacks the factory aux harness).
The aux jack in this kit is for stereo audio only, no video. See the notes about iPod/iPhone interface cables in the section below ('Before Ordering Aux and/or USB Adapters').
OEM USB Socket
If you have one of the models covered by this page and your car has a factory-fitted USB socket next to the 3.5mm stereo aux jack, that means your car has Subaru's "Media Hub" accessory kit. The kit has an interface module which adds USB-capability to some base-level OEM HU models that did not have built-in USB. A variation also adds Bluetooth audio streaming. The Media Hub module connects to the 20-pin expansion bus port on the back of the OEM HU (same port used for OEM satellite radio receiver modules and other OEM accessories).
The kit includes an alternate aux pod with an added USB socket next to the 3.5mm stereo aux jack. The alternate pod is exactly the same size as the original aux-only pod (or blank panel). The only difference is the new pod has USB "A" sockets on both the front and back. The kit has a cable with USB "A" male plugs at both ends, with proprietary metal clips to lock onto the sockets on the interface module and rear of the aux pod.
You can connect the USB socket on this aux+USB pod to an aftermarket HU's rear USB socket. You'll need a cable or adapter with a standard male USB "A" plugs at both ends, to connect from the pod's rear USB socket to your new HU's rear USB socket. Total cable length needs to be about 44 inches (~1.1 m) to reach from the back of a HU to the aux+USB pod in Legacy and Outback models.
If your aftermarket HU's USB port is on the rear of the HU's body, you'll need a male-male cable. I don't have those cables currently, but they are fairly easy to find online.
For an aftermarket HU which has its USB socket at the end of a "pigtail" cable or includes a male-to-female USB extension cable, you'll only need a zero-length male-male adapter. I have adapters similar to this for $2:
If your car does not have the OEM USB socket, the alternate aux+USB pod also available as a replacement part from Subaru (P/N H621SAJ220). See pictures here. You would need to order the alternate pod yourself from a Subaru parts vendor (see list of US online discount vendors here).
Before Ordering Aux and/or USB Adapters
Study the connection diagrams in your new HU's installation manuals. With the cables and interface adapters required for some phones or iPods, it's sometimes not practical to retain your car's factory aux or USB sockets (due to the physical layout of all the pieces).
Older iPods sometimes use an interface cable which splits out into two plugs at the rear of the HU — one to plug into a USB socket and the other into an A/V aux input (4-pole style, with both audio and video). Your car's factory 3.5mm aux jack supports stereo audio only — it will not support video for an iPod video cable. So if you plan to use that kind of iPod cable, you may not want my aux harness (or the IS335 cable kit). See this post for pictures and more information.
Also note: Pioneer AppRadio models SPH-DA01, SPH-DA02, SPH-DA100, and SPH-DA210 do not have any aux inputs! The new AppRadio 4 (SPH-DA120) does have an aux input (finally!). I'm not referring to other recent Pioneer models with AppRadio mode.
If you're in doubt, check your HU's installation manual to see whether yours has any rear aux inputs.
Retain OEM Subwoofer
If your car has the rectangular-shaped OEM accessory subwoofer under either of the front seats, similar to this:
... this Legacy/Outback under-seat sub receives a line-level (low level) signal from the factory HU. The HU provides the audio signal to the sub via additional pins on the car's aux harness. Like the Impreza/Forester subs, this sub has a T-harness which taps power and ground. However, it has a second T-harness which grabs a "secret" line-level mono subwoofer signal from the HU's 24-pin aux socket.
I can build my aux adapter with an additional green male RCA plug so you can drive this sub from your new HU's line-level subwoofer output. See the Subaru 24-pin aux harness page.
Can't Retain OEM Microphone
With the HU models that have built-in Bluetooth for phone calls, the car has a factory microphone hidden behind the map light cluster. The mic is in a small module with an amplifier circuit (see this thread). The module's audio output is not like an aftermarket HU's mic. Nobody has documented a good way to interface the OEM mic to an aftermarket HU. Unless you're especially skilled at analog electronic circuit design, you should plan to use the mic that comes with your new HU.
The factory HUs in all 2010–up Legacy/Liberty/Outback models have a face that is non-standard size and shape. You'll need a dash kit which provides a standard single- or double-DIN sized opening. I don't carry any, but have listed options and more information here.
AVIC Parking Brake Bypass
See this page: Pioneer AVIC parking brake bypass wire.
My AVIC bypass wire does not fit any of the new AVIC NEX models, nor any of the old models (AVIC–D3, –Z2, –FxxxBT, –UxxxBT, etc.). For all of these other AVIC models, see the forums at AVIC411.com. A software-only hack was found for the NEX navigation models (and it's been confirmed that you don't even need to connect the HU's parking brake lead).
On most Kenwoods, some recent JVCs, Parrot Asteroid Smart, most Chinese HUs, and perhaps all HUs designated for markets outside North America, you can simply connect the HU's parking brake lead to chassis ground.
I do not have parking brake bypass devices for any other aftermarket HU models (including Pioneer models starting with AVH–...). Search on eBay or Amazon. Be sure that you choose a device that is advertised to work with your specific HU model. The smaller, solid-state type devices are much better than a huge 30 Amp automotive relay.
2010–up Legacys and Outbacks require a long Subaru antenna adapter for an aftermarket HU to reach the car's antenna plug. See my post here.
I have 18" (~45 cm) Subaru antenna adapters (equivalent to the Metra 40-SB10-18) available for $8.
To Place Your Order
See this page for shipping and payment options. Let me know if you have any questions. When you're ready to place your order, please send the information requested on that page (in the section "To place an order").
Remember to mention you've seen this "Parts Needed" page.
© Copyright 2014 by David Carter. All rights reserved.